Oven Temperature Is Not Correct

To minimize the possibility of electric shock, unplug this appliance from the power supply before attempting any maintenance or cleaning.

If your oven temperature does not seem to be correct, check the following:

Make sure the oven preheated and set to the proper temperature.

  • The oven needs time to preheat before baking. Most pies, cakes, biscuits, etc., have such short cooking times that failure to preheat the oven can make a significant difference in cooking results.
  • On convection ovens and ranges, most have Convection Conversion/Auto Recipe Conversion that will automatically change the set temperature 25 degrees lower for better convection cooking performance. See Oven Incorrect Temperature in Convection / Auto Recipe Conversion.
  • When using recipes you've used for a long time, differences in timing or cooking performance between an old and a new oven are not unusual. For the first few uses, follow your recipe times and temperatures carefully and use the rack positions recommended in the Cooking Guide in your manual.

Oven thermostat

  • Ovens will cycle on and off throughout the cycle to maintain the set temperature. When it has dropped below the set temperature, the oven cycles on again to heat and will then cycle off again once it is higher than the set temperature. The goal is to maintain an average set temperature, but you will see a normal swing in temperatures throughout the cycle. This is typical of ovens, and is factored into how recipes are created and used.
    • The amount the oven will cycle higher or lower than the set temperature will vary and each individual unit can be different. Temperatures can vary by + 30 degrees to  – 30 degrees in most cases for a total swing of 60 degrees.
    • The temperature swing can also vary by how and where you are measuring the temperature in the oven, room temperature, door openings, etc.
  • If you are following your recipe times and temperatures carefully and still think your new oven is too hot or too cold, you can adjust the temperature yourself to meet your specific cooking preference.
  • You can easily test to see if your oven is cooking properly using the "biscuit test". For more information, visit: Oven Temperature Bake Test
  • See the "Adjust the Oven Thermostat" "Do It Yourself" section of your Owner's Manual for directions about calibrating your oven thermostat. Download a copy of the Owner's Manual.
  • Checking Temperature: Avoid using oven thermometers - most are not very accurate, and in many cases the door has to be opened to read them.

Check the type of cookware that is being used and the placement of pans.

  • Your cookware may be having an effect on the baking results. If the pans being used are dark baking pans, be sure to reduce the oven temperature 25 degrees. These pans retain heat and at the regular baking temperatures some foods may burn or overcook.
  • Check the placement of pans in the oven. Pan placement may be affecting how the oven heats. How and where the pans are placed in the oven will make a difference. Make sure that there is at least one to two inches between pans and between pans and the side and rear walls of the oven to ensure proper air/heat circulation.
  • Check the rack position. Rack position can also be critical to proper baking. Placing pans too close or to far from the heating element can affect cooking performance.

Make sure heat is not blocked from circulating in the oven.

  • If aluminum foil is being used on the oven shelf, never cover the entire shelf. This will block the circulation of heat in the oven.
  • There should always allow two inches around the back sides of the oven shelf for heat circulation.

Make sure you are not losing heat.

  • Opening the oven door frequently when cooking can increase the cooking time.
  • Placing the racks in backwards may keep the door from sealing properly. 
  • Check the oven gasket for rips or tears. A torn gasket will need to be replaced by service.

Elements malfunctioned

  • On electric ranges, one of the heating elements may have malfunctioned.
  • Check to make sure they glow or heat during the cycle.
  • Check the bake element. Turn your range OFF and either remove the fuses or turn the breaker OFF. Then unplug the range. Carefully inspect the bake element (lower element) for cracks or breaks. If it is cracked or broken, it will need to be replaced. Purchase a GE Appliance part or accessory online.
    • To view a short video on how to replace the bake element:

If these tips do not help, service may be required. For service, please schedule a service appointment with GE Appliances Factory Service.